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EFAC Australia

Anglican Communion


St Hilary's
At any given time in the life of a local church it aims to reach the people in their community with the Good News about Jesus Christ.  In seeking to do so each local church must engage with people who are shaped and formed by the culture in which it exists.  As each generation of children within their community grows up they are shaped by the surrounding culture. And as this culture changes over time, the different cohorts of children are shaped in different ways creating distinctive generational groups.

Generation theory is not a new concept and there is still debate about how much it influences church styles and ministry approaches.  Do we keep doing the same things we have always done or do we adapt to the culture around us?  The ministry reality for most churches is a bit of both, we preach the same Gospel in different ways to differing generations.

So what are the key generations in our church?

  • Boomers - In the post WWII era the Baby Boomers grew society at such a fast pace because there were twice as many baby boomers as their parents.  The culture expanded to include this boom in population growth.  The first generation of dedicated youth ministers grew up to reach this generation.
  • Gen X - After the baby boom of the post war era, the population growth was more moderate through the 1970's and 1980's.  The next generation to come through society are known as Generation X or Gen X.  There were slightly less Gen X people than Boomers and they always felt they were in the shadow of the Boomers.  Many Gen X grew up in a church with a separate youth ministry which aimed to keep young people from dropping out of the church.
  • Generation Y or Millennials were those that graduated high school after 2000, in the new century.  This generation saw an expansion of communication technologies such as computers, mobile phones the creation of online social networking.  There are slightly more Gen Y than Boomers.
  • The current group of children growing up right now are sometimes referred to the iGeneration because of their use of iPads, iPhones and other technologies from birth.  This generation will grow up in a church that is no longer dominant in their culture.

Some churches seek to minister to one particular generation and do that really well.  They become experts at reaching this generation and attract people from this generation; they adapted ministry styles and programs to suit this new generation.  Other churches start with one generation and seek to add other generations in their focus over time.  Usually these churches keep stage of life programs but adapt it to each generation as the generations cycle through the church.

For example at St Hilary's Kew Reverend Peter Corney, one of Australia’s first youth ministers, targeted his ministry to Baby Boomers when they were young.  The style of ministry at St Hilary’s was adapted to engage this generation with programs to suit their style and tastes.  As Boomers grew out of the youth ministry and were replaced by Gen X, the church ministry team added programs to the ministry mix to reach both generations at the same time.  

A decade ago when Gen Y moved into the children's and youth ministry, St Hilary's had to expand its ministry to cater for Boomers, Gen X and Gen Y.  Now that a new generation of children comes into our children's ministry our church aims to minister to Boomers, Gen X, Gen Y and the iGeneration.   Currently we are exploring how we will add the next generation of toddlers, Gen Alpha, into our ministry mix as well.
More generally, any local church that attracts a particular generation through children's ministry or youth ministry can develop ministry styles in one of three ways:

  1. Cohort focused - These churches do well by attracting a targeted generation and travel through life with this same cohort of people or the same generation.  If a church keeps developing programs for the people they have, who are all from within one generation then the church will become dated and loose touch with successive generations.
  2. Age group focused - These churches focus on a stage of life and keep focusing on the same stage of life.  So a church with a strong youth ministry may stay focused on youth ministry even though some members graduate to the young adult phase.  These churches welcome other people to stay but they don't offer particular programs to every generation.  People will be attracted to these churches if they are in the targeted stage of life but tend to leave once they reach a new stage of life.
  3. Intergenerational - thirdly a church can aim to be multigenerational.  Rather than going after one specific generation or one specific stage of life they seek to offer ministry to all generations through all stages of life.  Whilst some churches say that they are multigenerational this style of ministry is much more complex than being stage of life focused.  It requires every generation to adapt to the times rather than staying fixed on how things have always been done before.

Ministry to one generation can be hard enough but catering to four generations at once?  This task of being a multigenerational church is what many churches want to do but it is the most difficult path.  Many churches say they are multi generational but they just want young people to join the way they have been doing church for decades.

The challenge for our church at St Hilary's is to realise that we aren’t just a Boomer church even though Boomers were once the key targeted age group. Again, just because we once had a strong youth ministry in the past doesn’t mean that St Hilary's is just a Gen Y church. Currently at St Hilary's we are seeking to minister to five generations at once; each generation with their own styles and needs.  This is not the easiest path forward but it is the path that we feel God has called us to.  With God’s help we hope that we can pull it off.

Reverend Mark McDonald
St Hilary’s Kew.

After 13 years at St Jude’s Carlton, as well as Ridley College and leadership in the Diocese of Melbourne, Rev Richard Condie will succeed John Harrower as Bishop of Tasmania. Peter Greenwood shares his perspective on this significant appointment.

Peter Greenwood pastors Inner West Church in Kensington, Vic, which is a plant from St Jude’s Carlton

Over many decades the Diocese of Melbourne has produced many gifted Christian leaders. These men and women have moved through our churches planting gospel seeds, watering them diligently and enjoying the fruit of their labours.

However, there is a cost to having such a wealth of competent leadership. It tends to draw the attention of other parts of the Australian and global church! And not only that, they sometimes our leaders follow the call to help build God’s kingdom in places other than our fair city. And so we rejoice, albeit without a little sadness, to send out one of our own–Rev. Richard Condie.

The Fellowship of Confessing Anglicans – Australia

FCA Australia is part of a world-wide fellowship of Anglicans who “confess” the Jerusalem Declaration as a contemporary statement of orthodox Anglican faith. It was born out of the first Global Anglican Future Conference (GAFCON) which was held in Jerusalem in 2008. FCA/GAFCON is a movement within the Anglican communion to continue to reform the Anglican church by the biblical gospel.

FCA has two main aims. The first aim is to promote orthodox Anglican faith and practice. We believe this orthodoxy is summed up in the Jerusalem Declaration, and is also upheld in a plain reading of the Fundamental Declarations of the Constitution of the Anglican Church in Australia. FCA-Australia intend to meet this aim through conferences, papers and lectures where we try and contribute to educating people in this faith. We believe doing this will help heal, reform and revitalise our mission in the world.

Our second aim is to provide fellowship for orthodox Anglicans who find themselves in a minority position in their own Dioceses due to actions of others who depart from orthodox faith and practice.

Stephen Hale comments on the meeting of Primates of the Anglican Communion recently concluded in Canterbury.

Stephen Hale is the Chair of EFAC Australia

The Primates of the Anglican Communion met in Canterbury (UK) in mid January, to discuss the future of the Anglican Communion in light of the crisis that has beset us in recent years. The GAFCON and Global South Primates (including Archbishop Foley Beach, the Primate of the Anglican Church in North America) and our Primate, Archbishop Philip Freier, were present at the meeting.

A Meeting of Bishops

Gary Nelson comments on the recent national conference of bishops held in South Australia.
Gary Nelson is the Bishop of North West Australia.

What do you call a meeting of Anglican bishops from around Australia?
A talk-fest? A liturgical wake? An episcopal staff retreat? A mitred endurance? Or, …
Each year bishops gather together to discuss issues of mutual concern.  In March we were ably hosted by the Bishop of Willochra in the beautiful country town of Clare, South Australia.

On the surface it’s an enjoyable time and I look forward to catching up with fellow bishops. Yet just below the warm greetings and shared informal moments are serious tensions arising from our theological differences. This was prominent in the ‘big’ issue of the meeting that focussed on the Viability and Structures General Synod report. An external facilitator was provided for the discussion, but a curve ball was thrown with a comment about an elephant in the room – that is, the varying theological opinions represented by the bishops present.  So we then journeyed down a little detour to discuss the way we might discuss our theological differences!! How this will play out next year remains to be seen.  

In ‘essentials’ our theological differences do shape our responses to the Viability and Structures report – we can’t escape this conclusion. Why does growth follow faithful gospel proclamation (Acts 6.7)? Why does vitality seem to be concurrent with church life centred on the trustworthy, ‘God-inspired’ Word (Eph 4.11-16; 2 Tim 4.2)? Isn’t this exactly what we should expect if the gospel is ‘the power of God for salvation to everyone who believes’ (Rom 1.16)?

As we ponder the future of our Anglican denomination, what are our options? Perhaps we’ll soon reach the point of no return leading to a split, such as occurred in America, as the honourable way ahead.  Or, just maybe, we can charter another route to bridge this increasing gap between those standing on an evangelical view of Scripture, and those who have drifted from a gospel centred biblical approach to faith and ethics.

Personally I am not very optimistic, especially when you consider the aftermath of the Primates’ meeting in Canterbury as evidenced in the approach of the Anglican Consultative Council and the Episcopal Church of America.  Last year I visited America, meeting with Archbishop Foley Beach as well as speaking at a number of churches and Trinity School for Ministry.  The pain of the split at both personal and congregational level was very evident.  Though, encouragingly, what has emerged is an Anglican denomination much clearer on its gospel objectives and committed to holding fast to the teachings of the Bible, particularly in the area of human sexuality – the issue that tipped them over the precipice into the waters of division.

Friends, keep praying that God may have mercy on our Anglican Communion and bring those rejecting his word to repentance, along with a renewed gospel commitment.

Back to the bishops’ meeting in March.
It was so sad to hear of the abuse through the CEBS movement and, at times, the failure of people in authority to take appropriate action. We must learn from our past, working harder at ensuring our children are kept as safe as possible within our church environment. EFAC members should take this responsibility very seriously as it flows out of our evangelical belief and ethical stance.

The Bathurst diocesan financial problems remind us that integrity in money and property matters require careful attention. The Faithfulness in Service document is a helpful guide on basic financial practices to protect people from false accusation and assist us to faithfully administer our stewardship. Continuing vigilance is needed as the bar of community accountability standards is raised and churches come under greater scrutiny.

The bishops’ protocols – what do we do with them? They were designed to be a means of collegial attitude and agreed action in certain areas of mutual episcopal concern. Each year there has been a recommitment to them, but recently they have come into question. This has arisen over the homosexual issue in the Diocese of Gippsland. When the agenda for the meeting first appeared there was no place provided for discussing this very significant and divisive matter. This was changed, but left to near the end. Our differences were highlighted when the possible plebiscite on redefining marriage was discussed. Very few bishops were prepared to give unequivocal support for traditional marriage as the Bible presents, and as our Anglican doctrine still maintains. For me, another indicator of how close we are to the precipice of denominational division.

Other significant matters were briefly reviewed and discussed (eg. church planting). But they remain in the background to the elephant in the room, with its impact on human sexuality and the underlying issue of how we read and understand the Bible. Please pray for the bishops across Australia and their role as leaders of our church.

Gary Nelson
Bishop of North West Australia

How would you like to be at a clergy conference of four thousand? Kanishka Raffel brings us a snapshot of his recent visit to Uganda, where he discovered some important spiritual roots of the church in missionaries, martyrs and revival.

Recently I had the great privilege of taking part in the Provincial All Clergy Conference of the Church of Uganda, a member church of the worldwide Anglican Communion, and a founding member of the doctrinally orthodox renewal movement, the Global Anglican Future Conference. The conference was presided over by the Archbishop of Uganda, the Most Rev’d Stanley Ntagali and all 35 Diocesan Bishops were in attendance along with no less than 2500 clergy. This was only the third time in the history of the Province that a national clergy conference has taken place, the last having occurred 35 years ago.

The Church of Uganda was established through the pioneering work of two English CMS missionaries in 1877. In 1885 another CMS missionary, James Hannington was consecrated the first Bishop of East Africa but he was murdered at the order of the King of Buganda before taking up his ministry. Bishop Hannington was among the first of 55 Anglican and Roman Catholic martyrs put to death between 1885 and 1887 for refusing to renounce their Christian faith and participate in immoral and idolatrous activity commanded by the King. The sacrificial, gospel-minded zeal of the early CMS missionaries and the bravery and faithfulness of the Uganda Martyrs are much honoured roots of the spiritual life of the Ugandan church.

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